Rural and unincorporated areas within California face issues surrounding the ongoing water crisis, including not having water access during a fire emergency. There have been a great loss of homes due to this lack of access as well as having water available but without the correct adapters for fire fighting. This information covers how to make your rural water supply accessible for fire protection. It does need to be noted, fighting fires is dangerous and anyone taking on this responsibility should have all of the training and precautions set in place including evacuation.
Types of Rural Water Systems for Fire Protection
Requirements for water storage used in fire protection
1.Water Capacity Needed: The amount of water that the tank needs to store depends on your local fire authority requirements. If the amount of water that you have on hand or the amount of water pressure couldn’t adequately be used to fight fires, than adding water storage is the best idea for emergencies.
2.The water tank needs to have a reliable water source with an automatic filling device, with control valve and shut-off ability.
3.NFPA 22 Standards: The tank must adhere to NFPA 22 standards for fire protection water tanks.
4.Fire outlet requirements: A valved connection on a water supply/storage system, must have at least one 2-1/2 inch outlet (it’s recommended to go with a 3” outlet for 21/2” discharges), with male American National Fire Hose Screw Threads (NH) used to supply fire apparatus and hose with water. Exact outlet sizes are based on the local fire authority and or department who will need to use it.
5. Fire protection tanks in California are now required to have a concrete ring beam base, having a gravel base is no longer allowed by law.